Wednesday 16th October 2019

Home » saints » Currently Reading:

Catholic Heroes… St. Francis Borgia

October 10, 2019 saints No Comments

By CAROLE BRESLIN

The mere sight of the name Borgia brings to mind the family that was influential in both the Church and society — notorious for their political maneuvering and murder. But God can bring good out of evil and even from this family: Francis Borgia had great influence in the development of the Society of Jesus and served as its third superior general.
Francis Borgia was born on October 28, 1510 in Valencia, Spain. His father, Juan Borgia, was the Duke of Gandia, and the grandson of Pope Alexander VI. Juana, his mother, was the daughter of the archbishop of Zaragoza.
When Juan died, Juana took her children back to her duchy to raise them in peace and quiet away from unsavory influence of the Borgias. There she taught them to love Catholic teachings and to cultivate a deep prayer life. Years later when Francis married, she joined her daughter in a Poor Clare convent.
As a child, Francis yearned to become a monk and live a hermit’s life. However, his family sent him to the court of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, where he was welcomed as a kinsman. With his humility and perseverance, he quickly became a favorite of the emperor.
When he was traveling on a mission for the emperor, his company passed a man dressed in rags, who was on his way to the Inquisition. Their eyes met, making a great impact on Francis. This man would one day look down on Francis who would throw himself at his feet in homage.
In September 1529 Francis married a woman of noble birth from Madrid. Eleanor de Castro Mello y Meneses bore eight children with Francis between 1530 and 1539.
During this time Charles V appointed Francis to take care of her horses and hounds of the empress. When Philip II of Spain’s mother Isabella died in 1539, Francis was selected for the honor of escorting her remains to Granada for burial. St. John of Avila preached the eulogy inspiring Francis to seek Christian perfection.
Charles V also gave Francis the office of Viceroy of Catalonia, responsible for reforming the administration of justice, improving the finances, fortifying the city of Barcelona, and repressing outlaws. He also reformed monasteries and encouraged education.
Even with these increasing worldly honors, Francis remained faithful to the teachings of the Church. He loved music and is credited with helping to restore sacred music in the sixteenth century.
Francis continued to rise in the ranks of nobility when his father died, becoming the fourth Duke of Gandia. However, his diplomatic endeavors came to an end when he failed to arrange a marriage between Prince Philip of Spain and the princess of Portugal.
Providentially, he was exiled for this and he returned to his homeland to dedicate himself to serving God and doing charitable work. Not one to waste time, Francis built a university, reorganized his duchy, and applied himself to both spiritual and doctrinal development by earning his doctorate in theology.
In 1546, Eleanor died, so Francis returned to his thoughts of becoming a monk. He cared for his children for several more years as he carefully discerned his future. The time came when he put his affairs in order and arranged for his eldest son to be his heir.
Francis left his estates, arriving in Rome on October 23, 1550, throwing himself at the feet of Ignatius of Loyola. This act of humility by a Borgia was strange and edifying for Ignatius.
Francis joined the Jesuits, but when the Pope called him to higher honors he fled Rome and returned to Spain, choosing to live in the hermitage of St. Magdalene near Onate. Soon Charles V relieved Francis from his obligations, leaving him free to be ordained on May 25, 1551.
Fr. Borgia began preaching in Guipuzcoa, drawing persons from far and near as word spread of his eloquence, zeal, and holiness. Thus, although he sought quiet and isolation, demands for his preaching came from throughout Spain.
In 1553 the court of Portugal eagerly anticipated the arrival of Fr. Borgia and pledged unwavering honor to him. As he was returning to his hermitage, he received the troubling news that the emperor had persuaded Pope Julius III to bestow a cardinalate on Francis. Francis begged the Pope to reconsider and thus avoided the office.
However, two years later the request was renewed. Francis wondered if he could in good conscience refuse the Pope. To ease the situation, St. Ignatius had Francis profess his solemn vows of the Jesuits, which included a vow not to accept any dignities except at the official command of the Pope.
On June 10, 1554, Ignatius named Francis commissary-general of the Society in Spain. Within seven years, he greatly expanded the influence of the Jesuits by his limitless energy and vision. His years at court as nobleman and priest paved the way for him to accomplish much for the new order. His holiness and regal bearing drew men from all walks of life to serve the Society. As a result, many foundations were established.
As Francis attended Queen Juana the Mad on her deathbed, his austerity, sacrifice, gentleness, and charity brought the queen much peace. This kindness drew many more to the saintly man. Likewise, his service to the poor and needy, and the graces of God which flowed through him transformed the faith of the people.
In 1565 and 1566, he sent men to establish missions in Florida, New Spain, and Peru. During this time Charles V remained close to Francis and would frequently retreat to Yuste for days of quiet and prayer. When the emperor died, Francis gave the eulogy. However, Philip II of Spain did not favor Francis, so he returned to Rome where he had great influence in the life of Charles Borromeo and Pope Pius V.
On July 2, 1565 Francis was appointed superior general of the Society of Jesus. Despite many ailments, he attended to vast projects and voluminous correspondence. Although he no longer preached, he wrote many letters of advice and consolation to kings, bishops, and anyone serving the Catholic Church.
His vast ambitions for God’s Kingdom led to the establishment of missions in India, Japan, and Latin America. In addition he completed and published the Jesuit rules of conduct in 1567 and standardized novitiate formation. He established Jesuit houses all over the world as centers of prayer, study, and cultivation.
In France alone he began eight colleges. Francis was the man who convinced the Pope to require professions of faith for Catholic universities.
Many other projects were innovative for his times such as reaching out to heretics and Muslims. Jesuit missions grew all over the world so that within a few years the Jesuits counted 66 martyrs.
As Francis became thinner and weaker, he continued to develop the apostolate of the Jesuits. When Pope Pius V asked him to go with Michele Cardinal Bonelli on an embassy to Spain and Portugal, he agreed despite his illness. Then the Pope sent him to France, but Francis became more ill in Lyons and had to be carried back to Rome where he died on September 30, 1572.
His feast is celebrated on October 10.

Share Button

2019 The Wanderer Printing Co.

Twitter Feed

Within 5 year of gay "marriage" being legal, we have:

* Transgender kids
* Gay sex taught to pre school
* 150 genders
* Drag Q. story hour
* Decriminalization of knowingly transmitting AIDS
* Grown men in girl's bathroom.

This is NOT progress. Not born that way
#LGBBTQtakeover

Load More...

Pope Francis appoints new head of Vatican security

Vatican City, Oct 15, 2019 / 04:39 am (CNA).- Pope Francis Tuesday appointed the second-in-command of Vatican security to head the City State’s national police force, after the resignation of the former chief Oct. 14. The pope named Oct. 15,…Continue Reading

Ecological ritual performed in Vatican gardens for pope’s tree planting ceremony

Vatican City, Oct 4, 2019 / 10:30 am (CNA).- Pope Francis witnessed an indigenous performance at a tree planting ceremony in the Vatican gardens Friday, during which people held hands and bowed before carved images of pregnant women, one of…Continue Reading

Young man stuns courtroom by forgiving brother’s murderer, urging her to seek Christ

DALLAS, Texas, October 3, 2019 (LifeSiteNews) — In an incredible display of human compassion, a young man whose brother was shot and killed forgave the cop who had been found guilty of his murder. Former Dallas police officer Amber Guyger shot and…Continue Reading

Cardinal Ouellet defends priestly celibacy ahead of Amazon synod

Rome, Italy, Oct 2, 2019 / 11:35 am (CNA).- Cardinal Marc Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, presented a book Wednesday arguing that in the face of challenges, the Church should not grab at quick solutions, but seek to…Continue Reading

President Trump Defends Religious Freedom at UN, Announces Campaign to Protect Churches

President Donald Trump urged nations across the world to protect religious freedom Monday in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly. Trump, the first U.S. president to highlight religious freedom at the UN, said America will set aside $25…Continue Reading

Archbishop Harry Flynn dies at 86

Minneapolis, Minn., Sep 23, 2019 / 03:40 pm (CNA).- Archbishop Harry Flynn, a former leader of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, has died. Flynn died Sunday in the St. Paul rectory where he had spent his final days…Continue Reading

Missouri AG refers 12 former Catholic priests for potential prosecution after abuse probe

Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt announced Friday that his office had referred 12 former Roman Catholic priests for possible criminal prosecution following a 13-month probe of how diocesan leaders handled allegations of child abuse. The investigation reviewed personnel records for every priest serving…Continue Reading

Cardinal Burke, Bishop Schneider call for prayer crusade, cite dangers of Amazon Synod

Cardinal Raymond Burke and Bishop Athanasius Schneider have issued an eight-page declaration warning against six “serious theological errors and heresies” they say are contained in the Amazonian Synod working document, and calling for prayer and fasting to prevent them being approved. Cardinal Burke, patron…Continue Reading

Leader of Jesuit order: Satan doesn’t exist as ‘personal’ reality, only ‘symbolic’

August 22, 2019 (LifeSiteNews) – The devil is a not a personal reality but a symbol for evil, the head of the Jesuit order said this week. Satan, the devil whom the Catholic Church says was behind the fall of…Continue Reading

American Catholics Must Stand with Hong Kong

The autonomous territory of Hong Kong is in a fight for its life. For over two months, the citizens of Hong Kong have persisted in protesting an attempt by the Hong Kong chief executive to impose an amendment to the…Continue Reading

German archbishop in Auschwitz: Stand up against hubris of the politically powerful

Krakow, Poland, Aug 14, 2019 / 02:31 pm (CNA).- On the eve of the 80th anniversary of the German invasion of Poland, a German archbishop has called for a stand against hubris and arrogance of those in political power. Speaking…Continue Reading

Vatican ‘struggling to put out fire’ of public scandal over JPII Institute purge

ROME, August 15, 2019 (LifeSiteNews) — The “firefighters for the new direction” being taken at the John Paul II Institute in Rome are “struggling” to put out a blaze of public scandal, as controversy sparked by a recent purge of professors threatens to reach the door of the Pope’s…Continue Reading

Untitled 5 Untitled 2

Attention Readers:

  Welcome to our website. Readers who are familiar with The Wanderer know we have been providing Catholic news and orthodox commentary for 150 years in our weekly print edition.


  Our daily version offers only some of what we publish weekly in print. To take advantage of everything The Wanderer publishes, we encourage you to su
bscribe to our flagship weekly print edition, which is mailed every Friday or, if you want to view it in its entirety online, you can subscribe to the E-edition, which is a replica of the print edition.
 
  Our daily edition includes: a selection of material from recent issues of our print edition, news stories updated daily from renowned news sources, access to archives from The Wanderer from the past 10 years, available at a minimum charge (this will be expanded as time goes on). Also: regularly updated features where we go back in time and highlight various columns and news items covered in The Wanderer over the past 150 years. And: a comments section in which your remarks are encouraged, both good and bad, including suggestions.
 
  We encourage you to become a daily visitor to our site. If you appreciate our site, tell your friends. As Catholics we must band together to rediscover our faith and share it with the world if we are to effectively counter a society whose moral culture seems to have no boundaries and a government whose rapidly extending reach threatens to extinguish the rights of people of faith to practice their religion (witness the HHS mandate). Now more than ever, vehicles like The Wanderer are needed for clarification and guidance on the issues of the day.

Catholic, conservative, orthodox, and loyal to the Magisterium have been this journal’s hallmarks for five generations. God willing, our message will continue well into this century and beyond.

Joseph Matt
President, The Wanderer Printing Co.

Untitled 1

Interview With Cardinal Burke . . . Discriminating Mercy: Defending Christ And His Church With True Love

Cburke3

  By DON FIER (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke, Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and Founder of the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe in La Crosse, Wis., graciously took time out of his busy schedule to grant The Wanderer a wide-ranging interview during a recent visit to the Shrine. Included among the topics…Continue Reading

Developing Lives Of Peace After The Heart Of Mary

By RAYMOND LEO CARDINAL BURKE (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke delivered the address below at the 32nd Annual Church Teaches Forum, “The Message of Fatima: Peace for the World,” Galt House, Louisville, Ky., July 22, 2017. The address is reprinted here with the kind permission of Cardinal Burke. All rights reserved. This is part one of the…Continue Reading

Catechism

Today . . .

What are you willing to die for, Chaput asks students

Washington D.C., Oct 14, 2019 / 10:30 am (CNA).- It is important to consider what we are willing to die for, Archbishop Charles Chaput reminded students and faculty in a speech at the University of Notre Dame on Friday. “It’s a good thing, a vital thing, to consider what we’re willing to die for,” Chaput said in a lecture given to the Constitutional Studies Program at the university on Oct. 11. “To even ask that…Continue Reading

">

Does Pope Francis profess the Nicene Creed?

Did Pope Francis really really say that Jesus is not God? Eugenio Scalfari, who made this sensational claim, cannot be treated as a reliable witness. He is an atheist, a Marxist, not a Christian. Although he has interviewed Pope Francis several times, he has not recorded the sessions or taken notes. He boasts of the ability to reconstruct conversations from memory: a technique that would be inappropriate for any responsible journalist, let alone one of Scalfari’s…Continue Reading

Müller Accuses: From This Synod They Have Driven Out Jesus

The Synod on the Amazon has begun. “But it will have consequences for the universal Church,” warns Cardinal Gerhard Müller, in a lengthy interview with Matteo Matzuzzi for the newspaper “Il Foglio,” released on the very day of the opening of the work. “If one listens to the voices of some of the protagonists of this assembly, one understands easily that the agenda is entirely European.” European, and above all German. Also in Germany, in fact,…Continue Reading

">

Advertisement3

Neither Left Nor Right, But Catholic… American Criminal Justice In Disarray

By STEPHEN M. KRASON (Editor’s Note: Stephen M. Krason’s Neither Left nor Right, but Catholic column appears monthly [sometimes bi-monthly]. He is professor of political science and legal studies and associate director of the Veritas Center for Ethics in Public Life at Franciscan University of Steubenville. He is also co-founder and president of the Society…Continue Reading

Can Ruth Bader Ginsburg Make A Man Into A Woman?

By TERENCE P. JEFFREY (Editor’s Note: Terence P. Jeffrey is the editor-in-chief of CNSnews.com. Creators Syndicate, www.creators.com, distributes his column.) + + + Judging by the argument that one lawyer made to Justice Neil Gorsuch, Tuesday, October 8 must have been an interesting day in the restrooms at the U.S. Supreme Court. “There are transgender…Continue Reading

This Bud’s For You

By DONALD DeMARCO The purpose of commercial advertising is to persuade consumers to purchase something that they do not need. This is not to say that advertising products are not useful, but to point out that they are inspired by sales and are not grounded in natural desires. By contrast, nature has equipped human beings…Continue Reading

Is Trump At Last Ending Our “Endless Wars”?

By PATRICK J. BUCHANAN The backstage struggle between the Bush interventionists and the America-firsters who first backed Donald Trump for president just exploded into open warfare, which could sunder the Republican Party. At issue is Trump’s decision to let the Turkish army enter Northern Syria, to create a corridor between Syrian Kurds and the Turkish…Continue Reading

A New And Orthodox Papal Document On Sacred Scripture

  By Fr. BRIAN W. HARRISON, OS Increasingly, over the six years of the Francis pontificate, a lot of us have been asking, wearily, “Can anything good come out of Domus Sanctae Marthae”? Well, something just did. Everyone watching Rome lately has been focusing on the Ominous Amazon — the synod starting this Sunday, October 6 [Editor’s…Continue Reading

Advertisement

Our Catholic Faith (Section B of print edition)

Our Motive Must Be Love

By FR. ROBERT ALTIER Twenty-Ninth Sunday In Ordinary Time (YR C) Readings: Exodus 17:8-13 2 Tim. 3:14-4:2 Luke 18:1-8 In the Gospel reading today, St. Luke describes a parable spoken by our Lord to teach us the importance of praying always without growing weary. In anything we do as human beings, we grow weary after a time. However, repeatedly doing…Continue Reading

A Leaven In The World . . . True Compassion Is Sharing Fullness Of Faith

By FR. KEVIN M. CUSICK True love will always be found in the world through those who share the truth. This is at whatever cost to themselves in terms of the comforts of human respect or material gain. Selflessness of love speaks the word the other needs to hear in a disinterested way, regardless of the effect upon the one…Continue Reading

Catholic Replies

Q. The Catholic bishops of Massachusetts recently issued a statement on climate change that repeats all of the propaganda from the global warming extremists. Could you look at this statement and tell me if you agree with me? — T.L.H., Massachusetts. A. Yes, we do agree and have written to the bishops stating our concerns about their statement. Here are…Continue Reading

The Phantom Of A German National Church Shows Itself

By WALTER CARDINAL BRANDMUELLER (Editor’s Note: Walter Cardinal Brandmueller’s October 1 statement appears below. Please see page 1A of this week’s issue for a news story about the statement. LifeSiteNews published both the story and the text. Maike Hickson translated Brandmueller’s text from the original German.) + + + “Without Judah, without Rome, we shall build Germany’s Dome [Cathedral]” —…Continue Reading

Faith Is The Foundation For Charity

By FR. ROBERT ALTIER Twenty-Eighth Sunday In Ordinary Time (YR C) Readings: 2 Kings 5:14-17 2 Tim. 2:8-13 Luke 17:11-19 Today, as we commemorate the anniversary of the “Miracle of the Sun” at Fatima in 1917, we are reminded of the great love God has for us by bearing with us in our frailty and calling us back to Himself…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… St. Francis Borgia

By CAROLE BRESLIN The mere sight of the name Borgia brings to mind the family that was influential in both the Church and society — notorious for their political maneuvering and murder. But God can bring good out of evil and even from this family: Francis Borgia had great influence in the development of the Society of Jesus and served…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… The Martyrs Of Turon

  By CAROLE BRESLIN The complex roots of the Spanish Civil War (February 1936 to April 1939) sprouted many years before hostilities broke out. Little by little the Catholic Church had lost its influence and then it became a prime target for both the revolutionaries and the government. Of Church personnel, those executed during the Spanish Civil War included 12…Continue Reading

Advertisement(2)