Sunday 27th May 2018

Home » Our Catholic Faith » Currently Reading:

To Honor Joachim Cardinal Meisner, RIP… Revisiting An Apostolic Letter And A WYD Homily

July 12, 2017 Our Catholic Faith No Comments

(Editor’s Note: Below are two documents, one a 2008 apostolic letter from Pope Benedict XVI to Cardinal Meisner on the seventh centenary of the death of Blessed John Duns Scotus, and the other Cardinal Meisner’s homily for the 2005 World Youth Day in Cologne, his archdiocese.

(Benedict’s apostolic letter is found on the Catholic News Agency website and Cardinal Meisner’s homily is found at www.vatican.va. All rights reserved.)

+ + +

To Joachim Cardinal Meisner On The Occasion Of The Death Of Blessed John Duns Scotus

By POPE BENEDICT XVI

(Apostolic letter of His Holiness Benedict XVI to Our Venerable Brother Joachim Cardinal Meisner of the Holy Roman Church, archbishop of Cologne, and to all those in any part of the world who are participating in the International Scientific Congress on the occasion of the seventh centenary of the death of Blessed John Duns Scotus.)

+ + +

Rejoice, City of Cologne, which once welcomed within your walls John Duns Scotus, a most learned and devout man, who passed from this life to the heavenly Homeland on November 8, 1308; and, whose remains you preserve with great admiration and veneration.
Our Venerable Predecessors, the Servants of God Paul VI and John Paul II, exalted him with lofty praise; we too would like to surround him with the praise he deserves and invoke his protection.
Thus the seventh centenary of his pious passing is now being celebrated, as is only right. And while articles and entire works in honor of Blessed John Duns Scotus are being published in various parts of the world and congresses are being held, including the solemn Congress currently being prepared that will take place in Cologne from November 5 to 9, 2008, we consider it a duty of our service in this circumstance to say a few words about this most illustrious man who so distinguished himself by contributing to the progress of the doctrine of the Church and of human science.
Indeed, combining piety with scientific research, in accordance with his invocation: “May the First Principle of things grant me to believe, to understand and to reveal what may please his majesty and may raise our minds to contemplate him” [1], with his refined brilliance he penetrated so deeply the secrets of natural and revealed truth, and found in them a doctrine which led him to be called Doctor Ordinis, Doctor Subtilis, and Doctor Marianus, becoming a teacher and guide of the Franciscan School, a light and example to the entire Christian People.
Thus we desire to remind scholars and everyone, believers and nonbelievers alike, of the path and method that Scotus followed in order to establish harmony between faith and reason, defining in this manner the nature of theology in order constantly to exalt action, influence, practice, and love rather than pure speculation; in fulfilling this task he let himself be guided by the Magisterium of the Church and by a sound critical sense regarding growth in knowledge of the truth and was convinced that knowledge is valuable to the extent that it is applied in praxis.
Firmly anchored to the Catholic faith, Duns Scotus strove to understand, explain, and defend the truth of the faith in the light of human reason. Thus he strove to do nothing other than show the consonance of all truths, natural and supernatural, that come from one and the same Source.
Alongside Sacred Scripture, divinely inspired, is the authority of the Church. Duns Scotus seems to follow St. Augustine’s words: “I would not believe the Gospel, except that I [first] believe the Catholic Church” [2].
In fact, our Doctor often gives a special emphasis to the supreme authority of the Successor of Peter. As the Blessed said: “Although the Pope cannot dispense with natural and divine law (given that his power is inferior to both), being the Successor of Peter, Prince of the Apostles, he still has the same authority as had Peter” [3].
Therefore, the Catholic Church whose invisible Head is Christ himself, who left as His Vicars the person of Blessed Peter and His Successors guided by the Spirit of truth, is the authentic custodian of the revealed deposit and the rule of faith. The Church is the firm and permanent criterion of the canonical dimension of Sacred Scripture. Indeed, she “established which books of the biblical canon were to be held authentic” [4].
Elsewhere he states that “the Scriptures were revealed in the same Spirit in which they were written, and in this way one must consider that the Catholic Church has presented them in that same Spirit with which the faith has been passed down, guided that is, by the Spirit of truth” [5].
After having proven with various arguments taken from theological reason, the very fact that the Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved from original sin, he was absolutely ready also to reject this conviction should it not be in harmony with the authority of the Church, saying: “We can with probability attribute to Mary all that has the greatest perfection, provided it is not opposed to the authority of the Church or the Scriptures” [6].
The primacy of the will sheds light on the fact that God is charity before all else. This charity, this love, Duns Scotus kept present when he sought to lead theology back to a single expression, that is to practical theology.
According to his thought, since God “is formally love and formally charity” [7], with the greatest generosity he radiates his goodness and love beyond himself [8]. And in reality, it is for love that God “chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before Him. He predestined us in love to be His adoptive sons through Jesus Christ” (cf. Eph. 1:4-5).
A faithful disciple of St. Francis of Assisi, Blessed John contemplated and preached assiduously the Incarnation and the saving Passion of the Son of God. However, the charity or love of Christ is expressed in a special way not only on Calvary, but also in the most holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, without which “if not for being able to render supreme adoration unto God through the veneration of the same Sacrament every mercy would disappear in the Church” [9].
This Sacrament moreover is a sacrament of unity and love; through it we are led to love one another mutually and to love God as a common good and to be loved at the same time by others.
And as this love, this charity, was the origin of all things, so too our eternal happiness will be in love and charity alone: “Eternal life is simply the desire as well as the will to love, blessed and perfect” [10].
Since at the beginning of our ministry we first of all preached love, which is God Himself, we see with joy that the unique doctrine of this Blessed keeps a special place for this truth, which we consider principally worthy to be researched and taught in our time.
Therefore, willingly complying with the request of our Venerable Brother Cardinal Joachim Meisner, of Holy Roman Church, Archbishop of Cologne, we are sending this Apostolic Letter with which we desire to honor Blessed John Duns Scotus and invoke his heavenly intercession upon us.
Lastly, to those who are taking part in any capacity in this International Congress and in other initiatives concerning this outstanding son of St. Francis, we cordially impart our Apostolic Blessing.
Given in Rome, at St. Peter’s on October 28, 2008, the fourth year of our Pontificate.

BENEDICTVS PP. XVI

FOOTNOTES

1. Duns Scotus, Tractatus de primo Principio, c. 1 (ed. Muller, M., Friburgi Brisgoviae, 1941, 1).
2. Ibid. Ordinatio, i d. 5, n. 26 (ed. Vat. iv 24-25).
3. cf. ibid., Report. iv, d. 33, q. 2, n. 19 (ed. Vives xxiv 439 a).
4. cf. ibid., Ordinatio i, d. 5, n. 26 (ed. Vat. iv, 25).
5. cf. ibid., iv, d. 11, q. 3, n. 15 (ed. Vat. ix, 181).
6. cf. ibid., iii, d. 3, n. 34 (ed. Vives xix 167 b).
7. cf. ibid., i, d. 17, n. 173 (ed. Vat. v, 221-222).
8. cf. ibid., Tractatus de primo Principio, c. 4 (ed. Muller, M., 127).
9. Ibid., Report. iv, d. 8, q. 1, n. 3 (ed. Vives xxiv 9-10).
10. Ibid., iv, d. 49, q.2, n. 21 (ed. Vives xxiv, 630 a).
(© Copyright 2008 — Libreria Editrice Vaticana)

+ + +

“A Warm Welcome To The Archdiocese Of Cologne”

(Twentieth World Youth Day Eucharistic Celebration for the Opening of the World Youth Day in Cologne: Homily of Joachim Cardinal Meisner, archbishop of Cologne; Rheinenergie Stadium, Cologne. August 16, 2005.)

+ + +

Dear Sisters, Dear Brothers,
“A warm welcome to the Archdiocese of Cologne!” We are glad that you have come.
We are celebrating the first World Youth Day with two Popes: with Pope John Paul II in Heaven and with our Pope Benedict XVI here on Earth. It will be a great celebration of faith!
Three weeks before he died, the Holy Father permitted me to visit him at the Gemelli Polyclinic and asked me: “Are you still expecting me in Cologne?” I answered: “Holy Father, we are calmly waiting.”
Let us now say to Heaven: “Holy Father John Paul II, we are waiting for you!” and let us say to Rome: “Holy Father Benedict XVI, we are waiting for you!”
With the Peter of yesterday, John Paul II, and the Peter of today, Benedict XVI, with us, we will be strengthened on our journey of faith, for the Lord said to Peter: “Strengthen your brothers” (Luke 22:32).
Young people are far closer than the elderly to the beginning of their lives. Therefore, in youth, more than in others, the origin of their lives through God’s hand is powerfully and intensely active in their quest for a true and authentic life.
Those who, in the context of this seeking, give young people less than God, always give them too little.
This desire for a successful life has brought you to Cologne, where we learn from those who were the first to seek God, the Three Magi.
Two years ago, with regard to the World Youth Day in Cologne, Pope John Paul II cited what the Evangelist Matthew said about the Three Wise Men: “We have come to worship him” (cf. Matt. 2:2).

No Life Can Be Tested

Each one of us has one life. There is no “trial” period that is exempt from responsibility.
Consequently, there is no life, love, faith, or death that can be tested. We are always at a stage of emergency. We always have full responsibility.
Today, there is no need for me to tell you what you know intuitively, that is, about your origin, that you came into being through the creative hand of God. This unites you with all the young people in the world.
In these days you are not meeting one another as strangers, but as relatives and traveling companions: “relatives” because you share the same origin through God’s hands, and “traveling companions” because your desire for a meaningful and useful life, for a life with God, has led you on the same route.
To worship means no more and no less than to set out like the Three Wise Men at God’s eye level and to kneel before God, before the Infant in the manger.
God made Himself small so as to be in our lives and in our personal destinies. However, we ignore Him if we go through life “without minding where we put our feet.”
In the washing of the feet, He is beneath the feet of His disciples. God is below. Kneeling to adore Him does not make human beings small but great, because it brings them to God’s eye level.
The same desire for goodness, purity, and beauty dwells within us all. Why? Because we are made in the image of God who personifies the maximum good and the maximum purity.
Therefore, no one can want to be bad, impure, or ugly. A hunger for love exists in all of us.
To the question, “Would you like not to be loved?” a nonbeliever answered me: “That would indeed be Hell!”
How could he have responded in this way without having received any religious teaching? Because all human beings come forth from the hand of God, and from this origin derive a hidden knowledge of God from which they draw their likeness to Him. And since God never abandons any human beings, even if they turn away from Him, He is always available for the origin and purpose of their lives.
St. Augustine already knew this 1,600 years ago and wrote: “Our heart is restless until it rests in you.”
Two thousand years ago, the innate, magnetic force of God impelled the Three Wise Men to seek Christ, and today it has brought you to Cologne to seek and find Christ, who guarantees you a great future and a full life.
There is no alternative to Christ. When certain young people broke away, upset by Jesus’ words, and followed Him no longer, He asked those who had remained: “Do you want to leave me too?”, and it was Simon Peter who gave him the answer, the first and the shortest profession of faith to be found in Sacred Scripture: “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life” (John 6:68).
The Lord says to us: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him” (John 6: 44).
Dear brothers and sisters, you have been drawn by the Father. This is the basic reason why you are in Cologne. It is the result of an action full of God’s grace.
And I give you my word of honor: He will reign through you; for you will be the blessing of your surroundings, of your homeland and of the world, since by your commitment you will transform distance from God into closeness to God. Then the world will continue to be an inhabitable place for human beings as children of God.
Therefore, young pilgrims from across the world, you are the future of the Church and the future of the world, because you are children of God, brothers and sisters of Christ and living temples of the Holy Spirit.
The world does not live exclusively on productivity, refrigerators, missiles, and the like; it lives above all on its union with the living God and therefore with the source of its life. World Youth Day 2005 in Cologne is not an exclusively Catholic event but is addressed to the whole world. Christ is not a Christian administrator but is the Lord of the world.
In these days, let us not only seek Christ because we want Him for ourselves but also because we want Him for our sisters and brothers, to whom we desire to give the happiness of faith in Christ.
Amen.

Share Button

2017 The Wanderer Printing Co.

Speaker Ryan Proposes a Return to Catholic Social Doctrine at Prayer Breakfast

Washington, D.C. – House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI) spoke at the National Catholic Prayer Breakfast Thursday about how he believed the answer to many of the political problems society faces today, including “moral relativism” and “tribalism,” can be found in Catholic…Continue Reading

Judge rules ‘transgender’ high-schooler should have been allowed opposite-sex bathroom

NEWPORT NEWS, Virginia, May 24, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – A judge has ruled that a Virginia high school should have allowed a gender-confused former student to use the restrooms designated for the opposite sex. Gavin Grimm is a female Gloucester High School…Continue Reading

One of the most ‘liberal abortion regimes’ if vote passes

Ireland will have one of the most liberal abortion regimes in Europe if Friday’s referendum is passed, the No campaign warned during its final press conference on Wednesday. With the broadcasting ban set to come into force on the eve of the…Continue Reading

Pope asks for prayers for Catholics in China

Pope Francis has appealed to all Christians to be spiritually close to Catholics who live in China, and to pray they may live their faith in full communion with the Holy See. Speaking during the General Audience in St. Peter’s Square, the Pope recalled…Continue Reading

Life is the ‘true source of America’s greatness,’ President Trump tells pro-life gala

WASHINGTON, D.C., May 22, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) — President Donald Trump affirmed the importance of the right to life and called on pro-life voters to help secure it Tuesday night, in his keynote address at the Susan B. Anthony List’s 11th…Continue Reading

Bishop Schneider: Priests who ‘bless’ gay unions will answer for it on Judgement Day

May 21, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – Clerics who “bless” homosexual unions are “reintroducing a kind of pagan temple prostitution,” which is “akin to apostasy,” Bishop Athanasius Schneider said in a newly-published interview addressing ongoing controversies and crises in the Catholic Church.…Continue Reading

Cardinal Burke: Catholics must let Christ reign as King in face of ‘apostasy’ within Church

ROME, May 18, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – Catholics must consciously place themselves under the “Kingship of Christ” in the face of enemies of the Church today attempting to “infiltrate the life of the Church herself and to corrupt the Bride of…Continue Reading

President Trump to cut Planned Parenthood funding

The Trump administration is announcing its intentions to cut a significant amount of taxpayer funding from Planned Parenthood and other abortion businesses. The proposed regulation will also better protect victims of sexual assault, incest and rape because it will require that…Continue Reading

Bishop Tobin is right: the Catholic Church must stay true to itself

Bishop Thomas J. Tobin, who is the Bishop of Providence, Rhode Island, in the United States, has tweeted, and it is a mighty tweet, a gem amidst the dross and banality of Twitter. The Bishop has written:

Alfie Evans laid to rest today with no coroner’s investigation, no toxicology report

LONDON, May 14, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – The question of what caused the death of UK toddler Alfie Evans may never be known. The UK High Court refused today to order a post-mortem examination of the toddler’s remains at the request…Continue Reading

Google and Facebook Censor Pro-Life Free Speech Ahead of Ireland Vote to Legalize Abortion

This has been coming on in Ireland for months, really since the outlines of the wording for the May 25 referendum to gut protections for unborn children were released. Simon Harris, the Minister of Health, and others, committed to overturning…Continue Reading

Bill Nye the Science Guy Headlines Fundraiser for Planned Parenthood Abortion Biz

Bill Nye “the Science Guy,” a man who became famous for teaching children about science, has anything but children’s best interests at heart. Nye is an abortion activist who spoke Tuesday at fundraiser for Planned Parenthood in Texas. San Antonio…Continue Reading

Untitled 5 Untitled 2

Attention Readers:

  Welcome to our website. Readers who are familiar with The Wanderer know we have been providing Catholic news and orthodox commentary for 150 years in our weekly print edition.


  Our daily version offers only some of what we publish weekly in print. To take advantage of everything The Wanderer publishes, we encourage you to su
bscribe to our flagship weekly print edition, which is mailed every Friday or, if you want to view it in its entirety online, you can subscribe to the E-edition, which is a replica of the print edition.
 
  Our daily edition includes: a selection of material from recent issues of our print edition, news stories updated daily from renowned news sources, access to archives from The Wanderer from the past 10 years, available at a minimum charge (this will be expanded as time goes on). Also: regularly updated features where we go back in time and highlight various columns and news items covered in The Wanderer over the past 150 years. And: a comments section in which your remarks are encouraged, both good and bad, including suggestions.
 
  We encourage you to become a daily visitor to our site. If you appreciate our site, tell your friends. As Catholics we must band together to rediscover our faith and share it with the world if we are to effectively counter a society whose moral culture seems to have no boundaries and a government whose rapidly extending reach threatens to extinguish the rights of people of faith to practice their religion (witness the HHS mandate). Now more than ever, vehicles like The Wanderer are needed for clarification and guidance on the issues of the day.

Catholic, conservative, orthodox, and loyal to the Magisterium have been this journal’s hallmarks for five generations. God willing, our message will continue well into this century and beyond.

Joseph Matt
President, The Wanderer Printing Co.

Untitled 1

Interview With Cardinal Burke . . . Discriminating Mercy: Defending Christ And His Church With True Love

Cburke3

  By DON FIER (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke, Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and Founder of the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe in La Crosse, Wis., graciously took time out of his busy schedule to grant The Wanderer a wide-ranging interview during a recent visit to the Shrine. Included among the topics…Continue Reading

Developing Lives Of Peace After The Heart Of Mary

By RAYMOND LEO CARDINAL BURKE (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke delivered the address below at the 32nd Annual Church Teaches Forum, “The Message of Fatima: Peace for the World,” Galt House, Louisville, Ky., July 22, 2017. The address is reprinted here with the kind permission of Cardinal Burke. All rights reserved. This is part one of the…Continue Reading

Catechism

Today . . .

Ireland votes to legalize abortion: ‘a tragedy of historic proportions’

baby2

IRELAND, May 26, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – Irish citizens voted to legalize abortion on Friday, ending Ireland’s legacy as one of the world’s most pro-life nations. The votes are still being officially counted, but the pro-abortion campaign is declaring victory and pro-lifers are calling this a “tragedy of historic proportions.” “The 8th amendment did not create a right to life for the unborn child – it merely acknowledged that such a right exists, h

Irish Times exit poll projects Ireland has voted by landslide to repeal Eighth Amendment

Ireland has voted by a landslide margin to change the constitution so that abortion can be legalised, according to an exit poll conducted for The Irish Times by Ipsos/MRBI. The poll suggests that the margin of victory for the Yes side in the referendum will be 68 per cent to 32 per cent – a stunning victory for the Yes side after a long and often divisive campaign

Voting underway on Ireland’s abortion referendum

Voting was underway in Ireland on Friday on a referendum that could legalize abortions in the country, which currently bans the practice except in rare cases when the mother’s life is in danger. The referendum in the largely Roman Catholic country will decide whether to repeal a constitutional amendment, in place since 1983, that protects the life of fetuses from the moment of conception. If citizens vote to repeal the amendment, new abortion laws would…Continue Reading

Ireland . . . Abortion referendum: Last call for campaigners as voting starts

Both Yes and No campaigns have been holding events in Dublin on Thursday as the two sides prepare for the final day of campaigning before voting. Both sides are making their final appeals to voters ahead of the moratorium on broadcast coverage, which begins on at 2pm on Thursday. The ballot boxes are open from 7am to 10pm across the country and the results will be counted on Saturday morning

Cardinal Sarah: Ordaining married men would be a ‘break’ with Apostolic Tradition

CHARTRES, France, May 22, 2018 (LifeSiteNews) – Ordaining married men to the Catholic priesthood would be a break with apostolic tradition, a leading Catholic prelate has said. Robert Cardinal Sarah, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, said that “serious consequences” would arise in the Church if she were to admit married men of sound reputation, or “viri probati” into the priesthood. The Cardinal, who is 72, made

Advertisement(2)

Can A Pope Change Moral Truth?

By PATRICK J. BUCHANAN (Editor’s Note: Please see commentary from The Wanderer on p. 4A.) + + + That joking retort we heard as children, “Is the Pope Catholic?” is starting to look like a serious question. Asked five years ago about a “gay lobby” in the Vatican, Pope Francis responded, “If a person is…Continue Reading

Teacher-Strike Movement . . . Looks Ahead To Using Experience Gained To Help Dems In November

By DEXTER DUGGAN PHOENIX — It looked like one of those YouTube man-at-the-beach interviews by Mark Dice where random clueless passers-by don’t know what country Mt. Rushmore is located in, or where Donald Trump lives. But these particular questions were posed to red-clad protesters outside the Arizona State Capitol. They had answers, all right, but…Continue Reading

Laboratory Rats And Their Masters

By GEORGE A. KENDALL I recently heard a story which upset me more and more the longer I thought about it. It concerned a young man getting ready to go off to college. The young man’s father is a very successful executive, and his son has been accepted for admission to his father’s alma mater,…Continue Reading

In Defense Of An Ancient And Universal Tradition Of The Church

By JAMES MONTI On Sunday, June 3, here in the U.S., we will be observing the Solemnity of Corpus Christi. In other places this same feast will be celebrated on the preceding Thursday, the day of the week originally chosen by Pope Urban IV (+1265) for this commemoration of the Holy Eucharist in accord with…Continue Reading

Iraqi “Republic”: No Christian Converts

By TERENCE P. JEFFREY (Editor’s Note: Terence P. Jeffrey is the editor-in-chief of CNSnews.com. His column is distributed by Creators.com.) + + + The 2017 State Department report on human rights in Iraq, which was released last month, begins by unambiguously declaring: “Iraq is a constitutional parliamentary republic.” It says, “The outcome of the 2014…Continue Reading

Advertisement

Our Catholic Faith (Section B of print edition)

The Sacraments Instituted By Christ… The Sacrament Of Confession

By RAYMOND DE SOUZA, KM Part 30 Confession is certainly the most controversial of all sacraments that Christ instituted for our salvation, especially among Protestants of every denomination. The most common objection is, “Why should I confess my sins to a man just like me, and perhaps a worse sinner?” The objector misses the point completely, since Confession is not…Continue Reading

Blessed Are The Pure In Heart

By DON FIER In our treatment up until now of the eight Beatitudes, it has been demonstrated that the first three, in keeping with the teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas, are mainly associated with “flight from and deliverance from sin. The next two…are the beatitudes of the active life of a Christian who, freed from evil, engages in the pursuit…Continue Reading

Catholic Replies

Q. Can you explain how the date for Easter is determined? It changes every year. — R.W., Massachusetts. A. Since the Council of Nicaea in 325, the date on which Easter falls is determined by the full moon. It is celebrated on the first Sunday following the first full moon occurring after the vernal equinox, that is, the time of…Continue Reading

The Tenth Anniversary of Summorum Pontificum… “Any Experience Of Rupture Must Come To An End”

By ARCHBISHOP ALEXANDER K. SAMPLE (Editor’s Note: The Most Rev. Alexander Sample of the Archdiocese of Portland, Ore., gave this homily for the Pontifical High Mass at the Basilica of the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., on April 28, 2018. (The occasion was a celebration of the tenth anniversary of Summorum Pontificum, Pope Benedict XVI’s apostolic letter that…Continue Reading

The Oneness Of God

By FR. ROBERT ALTIER Solemnity Of The Most Holy Trinity (YR B) Readings: Deut. 4:32-34, 39-40 Romans 8:14-17 Matt. 28:16-20 In the first reading today, Moses addresses the people of Israel, challenging them to think about what they might believe about God and about themselves in relation to God. The problem for the Jewish people, having come out of Egypt,…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… Blessed Louis-Zéphirin Moreau

By CAROLE BRESLIN In the late 19th century the Canadians endured a crisis of education called the Manitoba question. Prelates, priests, politicians, and laity joined in both the private and the public debate that lasted for years. The Catholic Church was deeply divided over the question of the schools and letters crossed the Atlantic to and from Rome in efforts…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… Blessed Ivan Merz

By CAROLE BRESLIN Our Lord paid the laborers the same wage whether they worked from early morning or began in the afternoon. The rewards were the same (Matthew, chapter 20). So too are the rewards for serving the Lord with zeal and perseverance. St. Augustine, converting at the age of 33, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Francis of Assisi — all…Continue Reading