Wednesday 8th July 2020

Home » Frontpage » Currently Reading:

Once Again . . . Supreme Court Ignores Rules To Pull Surprise On Suffering Nation

June 21, 2020 Frontpage No Comments


While the U.S. Supreme Court went outside proper legal procedures to devise its mandate favoring sexual disorientation in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia, there would be multiple impacts far beyond the High Court’s walls.
The nation saw still more damage to its people and society from this contrivance announced on June 15 in the cause of advancing moral rebellion shielded by the black-robed bench, this time written by President Trump’s relatively recent nominee, Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch.
The court’s impermissible legislating from the bench supposedly was done in the interest of clarity in 2020 in forbidding sex discrimination as prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Gorsuch majority indefensibly expanded the concept of sex discrimination to include sexual orientation and subjective gender identity — concepts never intended by Congress in 1964, and never passed by Congress since.
The website of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says: “Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.”
Meanwhile, conservatives had to weigh some serious questions arising, one of them rather immediate, and another flowing from it.
How would Bostock affect President Trump’s reelection, and what was to become of the foundational belief that if only a conservative majority of legal scholars could be placed on the court after decades of political blood, sweat and tears, then moral tradition and sanity would be preserved, to the well-being of the nation?
Having been sharply disappointed in June by one of Trump’s acclaimed picks to the High Court, would some or many conservative voters be less motivated to turn out for the president in November? And even if they did, would they have less confidence in the results of another Supreme Court vacancy he might have the opportunity to fill?
Bostock was delivered at a time when the U.S. already was wrenched by rioting and looting leftists supposedly protesting racism, even while the coronavirus pandemic still pummeled society.
The political levers of left-wing power in society were revealed even here, when politicians and other officials welcomed and praised the “anti-racism” crowds packed together on the streets, even while they continued to warn against ordinary people starting to come outside, even if socially distanced, because of the power of the germs.
Veteran pro-life activist Michael Hichborn, president of the traditional-values Lepanto Institute, lamented at Facebook on June 15, just after the Supreme Court ruling, that “2020 is officially the worst year on record.”
The times were a graphic reminder that traditionalists should work as if everything depended on them, but to pray as if everything depended on God.
A longstanding basic defense for voting Republican is that GOP victories eventually would deliver the desirable kind of courts, preeminently the High Court, and these bodies would reject left-wing assaults on good sense and the Constitution itself.
Such a High Court would rule on what the law actually said, not on what leftists imagined the law should say if only the Founders and their proper successors had been as smart as said leftists.
After Trump assumed the presidency, he faithfully delivered on his promise of filling two Supreme Court vacancies with apparently impeccably credentialed jurists who had been on his 2016 pre-election list of those he’d choose from, Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh.
Trump kept his word, but Gorsuch deflated expectations on June 15. This wasn’t Trump’s fault, but Gorsuch may have taken more glow off a Trump reelection campaign already confronted with other challenges. The least of which, though, was lackluster Dementia Dem Joe Biden, a fierce foe of traditional morality wrapped up in a wan package, Trump’s presumptive main opponent in the November election.
Gorsuch replaced the late conservative Justice Antonin Scalia, while Kavanaugh served to tilt the balance by taking the seat of “moderate” retired Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Behold, the court held a narrow conservative majority, five to four. Of course, that meant one of the conservatives still could break ranks to join the four liberals for a majority on their side. But at least one of the liberals also might choose to join the five conservatives in an opinion, delivering at least six to three for the traditionalists’ side.
Alas, the court’s liberal justices break ranks about as often as their liberal Democrat politician friends, which means approximately never. And just as true, the conservative justices are more likely to wander here and there like conservative GOP politicians — most frequently Chief Justice and somewhat conservative John Roberts.
Thus, Bostock was written by the supposedly impeccable Gorsuch, joined by wanderlust-struck Roberts, giving the lockstep four liberals a six-to-three majority.
There are considerations beyond the strictly legal that are pitfalls for these judicial conservatives, such as a desire to please some dominant quarters in the national structure, the social pressures in the Beltway bubble, and even the power of threats both outright and more covert.
Who can forget, for instance, left-wing, pro-abortion Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D., N.Y.) just last March at a raucous rally near the High Court’s building? He threatened Gorsuch and Kavanaugh by only their last names that they better vote the way he wanted on a Louisiana law under review that provided health protections for women at abortuaries.
“You have released the whirlwind, and you will pay the price,” Schumer fulminated in the tenor of a mob boss. “You won’t know what hit you if you go forward with these awful decisions.”
National conservative commentator Quin Hillyer told The Wanderer on June 17: “Conservative jurists will not always walk in lockstep. It is extremely frustrating to see Justice Gorsuch (and the never-reliable Chief Justice Roberts) produce a decision this bad, but it’s still far better to have a Gorsuch whose reason may go haywire than to have a Justice (Sonia) Sotomayor who will almost always determine what liberal outcome she wants and then make up a way to get there.
“That’s why it’s always better to have judges chosen by those somewhere on the right than by those somewhere on the left,” Hillyer added.
In a column posted at the New York Post on June 15, legal commentator Josh Hammer noted, as did many others, that leftists repeatedly failed to expand the definition of sex discrimination in Congress — until Trump’s Justice Gorsuch, acting as though he’s a legislator, suddenly did it for them.
“Speaker Nancy Pelosi tried to enact much of this agenda legislatively in 2019 with the so-called Equality Act — and failed,” Hammer wrote. “All it took was a Republican justice to impose it — nationwide via judicial fiat.
“Religious employers’ conscience rights aside,” Hammer continued, “long-settled employment law has now been thrown into chaos. The court concedes that such issues as sex-specific bathrooms, locker rooms, and sports teams will be on the chopping block in future litigation.
“As my former boss, Judge James C. Ho of the Fifth Circuit, noted in a similar case last year, the underlying legal issues ‘affect every American who uses the restroom at any restaurant, buys clothes at any department store, or exercises at any gym’,” Hammer said.
The Gorsuch majority’s ruling was called shocking and surprising. But also, no doubt, routinely gratifying to imperious leftists grown used to courts imposing what democratic governance would not.


Gary McCaleb, a longtime Arizona attorney-activist for traditional values, posted on Facebook on June 15 that he agreed with the analysis at National Review by Ed Whelan, president of the Ethics and Public Policy Center, on Gorsuch’s handiwork in Bostock. McCaleb added a thought on the High Court itself.
“Mr. Whelan cuts to the core here: In a sadly ironic bit of doublethink, Justice Gorsuch dismisses standard statutory analysis as raw policy choices, while making his own raw policy choice to rewrite Title VII to protect not sex, but affectional preferences and gender-identity ideology,” McCaleb said.
“Even gender-identity advocates admit that gender is not sex, and as my feminist friends note, that ideology erases women.”
In addition, McCaleb said, “I’m beginning to think that the Supreme Court has run its course; perhaps it is time to defund SCOTUS and settle appellate splits by establishing a plurality of appellate courts landing in the same place. Slower, but SCOTUS is no speed demon now and at least congressional intent would not rest on two ‘textualists’ who are not.”
Whelan posted at National Review on June 15 that Justice Samuel Alito, dissenting, “explains that the proper textualist inquiry concerns what the words of a law ‘conveyed to reasonable people at the time’ it was enacted. . . . ‘Textualists do not read statutes as if they were messages picked up by a powerful radio telescope from a distant and unknown civilization. . . . In 1964, ordinary Americans reading the text of Title VII would not have dreamed that discrimination because of sex meant discrimination because of sexual orientation, much less gender identity’.”
Whelan went on to say that “the longstanding acceptance of sex-specific restrooms, locker rooms, shower facilities, and dress codes — all of which require taking account of an employee’s sex — severely complicates Gorsuch’s claim that any employer policy that requires taking account of an employee’s sex clearly discriminates on the basis of sex under Title VII.”
The conservative Liberty Counsel website quoted from Justice Kavanaugh’s dissent: “I have the greatest, and unyielding, respect for my colleagues and for their good faith. But when this court usurps the role of Congress, as it does today, the public understandably becomes confused about who the policymakers really are in our system of separated powers, and inevitably becomes cynical about the oft-repeated aspiration that judges base their decisions on law rather than on personal preference.”
Joy Pullman, executive editor of The Federalist website, posted on June 16: “When courts legislate, they disenfranchise the people. They invalidate our votes, our God-given natural right to rule ourselves. By adding words to statute that Congress did not put there, and has repeatedly and explicitly refused to add, these judges are destroying our Constitution, our way of life, the people’s sovereignty, and thus our human dignity.”
Conservatives can’t let Republicans get away with big talk while pretending that the bureaucracy and judiciary are beyond being disciplined, Pullman said.
“They’d prefer to give rousing speeches about our rights at conventions like CPAC while scapegoating our continued loss of these rights on the judges and the bureaucracy they’re supposed to oversee. That needs to end, and for it to end, all constitutional hypocrites need to be made uncomfortable until they do the right thing,” she said.
Pullmann added that some of the justices who “just passed an LGBT version of Roe v. Wade” were put on the court by Republicans.

No One Has Agreed To This

The Washington Examiner editorialized on June 17: “Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids discrimination based on ‘sex,’ full stop. It doesn’t address any issues of sexual practice or gender self-identification. Nor would it have passed Congress in 1964 if it had tried to do so. In other words, no one ever agreed to what these judges are now imposing….
“Gorsuch’s premise is wrong. Men and women are naturally different, in profound ways,” the Examiner added. “These differences would persist in a world of full legal equality. We say this not based upon religious belief, but upon political, biological, cultural, and legal realities that no amount of casuistry can erase.”
Also on June 15, again thumbing its nose at the rule of law and American citizens, the Supreme Court declined to take up the Trump administration’s case against California’s 2017 “sanctuary” law for illegal aliens, which defies federal law.
Southern California’s Orange County Register posted on June 15 that county Sheriff Don Barnes said he believes the law has made the state less safe: “Communication among law-enforcement partners on shared threats is critical to the safety of all members of the public. I urge lawmakers to reconsider this law.”
The Register reported: “The law prohibits state and local police from asking people who’ve been arrested — except for those charged with serious crimes — about their immigration status. It also bars police from notifying federal agents when an immigrant is being released from jail, or from holding an immigrant after their release date so they can be transferred to immigration authorities.”

Share Button

2019 The Wanderer Printing Co.

Twitter Feed

Please educate yourself on this! Toward the end of this statement 2 points are made that are contrary to FAITH...#1 opposing the nuclear family (where is dad?) and #2 opposing God’s plan for sex as a union of male & female. This agenda is DANGEROUS!

John Roberts certainly should qualify as one of the top 10 recalls in history of the Supreme Court.#fraud

Likely two more Supreme Court appointments likely in the next presidential term. Something to consider. The conservative majority is a myth. Roberts has proven himself to be another leftist. Thank Bush for this one.

Bishop Strickland . . . Solidarity, Subsidiarity, And Economic Concerns -

3M headquarters, Mn. Displaying their true colors-Just another corporation "celebrating" and contributing to our culture of decadence.

Load More...

21 doctors tell bishops Communion on tongue ‘safer’ than in hand

June 26, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) – Twenty-one Austrian doctors have authored a letter appealing their country’s Bishops’ Conference to lift the de facto ban on receiving Holy Communion on the tongue, which has been enforced since Communion in the hand was…Continue Reading

Catholic priest among defenders of St Louis statue

CNA Staff, Jun 27, 2020 / 09:36 pm MT (CNA).- Fr. Stephen Schumacher, a priest of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, was among the defenders of a prominent statue of the city’s namesake as protesters called for its removal Saturday.…Continue Reading

‘I cannot remain silent’: Madison Catholic bishop condemns destruction of religious statues

Denver Newsroom, Jun 24, 2020 / 04:08 pm MT (CNA).- As rioters across the United States target statues depicting historical figures, the Bishop of Madison, Wisconsin on Tuesday denounced that destruction, along with calls to destroy some depictions of Jesus…Continue Reading

John Roberts tries to suppress Reagan’s letter

After three and a half years of legal wrangling, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors in August of 1985 ordered the 16,433 mangled babies’ bodies found in Woodland Hills in 1982 to be turned over to the Guerra-Gutirrez-Alexander Mortuary…Continue Reading

Pope Francis declares Catholic sister killed in Satanic ritual a martyr

Vatican City, Jun 19, 2020 / 12:40 pm MT (CNA).- Pope Francis declared Friday that Sister Maria Laura Mainetti, an Italian religious sister killed by three teenage girls in a Satanic sacrifice, was a martyr for the Catholic faith. The…Continue Reading

Bishop Schneider: Catholics and Muslims share no common faith in God, no common adoration

June 8, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) – Bishop Athanasius Schneider has once more raised his voice concerning the controversial February 4, 2019 Abu Dhabi Statement on Human Fraternity where Pope Francis and a Grand Imam jointly declared, among other problematic statements, that God wills…Continue Reading

German cardinal criticizes ‘synodal path,’ exhorts German Church to ‘remain Catholic’

COLOGNE, Germany, June 5, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) — Cardinal Rainer Maria Woelki, the head of the Archdiocese of Cologne in Germany, has called on the Church in Germany to strengthen its identity as part of the one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic…Continue Reading

US bishop reverses plan to ban Communion on tongue as churches reopen

LAFAYETTE, Louisiana, May 15, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) – Bishop Douglas Deshotel has revised his decision to allow only reception of the Eucharist in the hand amid the coronavirus pandemic. He credited guidelines issued by the Thomistic Institute for correcting his previous…Continue Reading

Sainthood causes open for St John Paul II’s parents

A ceremony launching the causes of the Wojtyłas took place at the Basilica of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Wadowice, John Paul II’s birthplace. At the ceremony, the Kraków Archdiocese officially formed the tribunals that will seek…Continue Reading

President Trump on National Day of Prayer: “Never Forget That All Things are Possible With God”

On this National Day of Prayer, Americans reaffirm that prayer guides and strengthens our Nation, and we express, with humility and gratitude, our “firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence.”  As one Nation under God, we share a legacy…Continue Reading

Coronavirus In Minnesota: Archbishop Hebda Gives Guidelines For Reopening Catholic Churches

MINNEAPOLIS (WCCO) — Archbishop Bernard Hebda, head of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, says he anticipates reopening churches on May 18, which is when the state’s current stay-at-home order expires. In a letter to Catholics, he outlined strict guidelines…Continue Reading

Joe Biden Calls Killing Babies in Abortions “Essential Health Care That Cannot be Delayed”

Today, presumed Democratic presidential nominee and former Vice President Joe Biden stated that abortions are “essential health care that cannot be delayed” during the COVID-19 pandemic. Biden’s statement was in response to a question during a virtual town hall in which pro-abortion…Continue Reading

Untitled 5 Untitled 2

Attention Readers:

  Welcome to our website. Readers who are familiar with The Wanderer know we have been providing Catholic news and orthodox commentary for 150 years in our weekly print edition.

  Our daily version offers only some of what we publish weekly in print. To take advantage of everything The Wanderer publishes, we encourage you to su
bscribe to our flagship weekly print edition, which is mailed every Friday or, if you want to view it in its entirety online, you can subscribe to the E-edition, which is a replica of the print edition.
  Our daily edition includes: a selection of material from recent issues of our print edition, news stories updated daily from renowned news sources, access to archives from The Wanderer from the past 10 years, available at a minimum charge (this will be expanded as time goes on). Also: regularly updated features where we go back in time and highlight various columns and news items covered in The Wanderer over the past 150 years. And: a comments section in which your remarks are encouraged, both good and bad, including suggestions.
  We encourage you to become a daily visitor to our site. If you appreciate our site, tell your friends. As Catholics we must band together to rediscover our faith and share it with the world if we are to effectively counter a society whose moral culture seems to have no boundaries and a government whose rapidly extending reach threatens to extinguish the rights of people of faith to practice their religion (witness the HHS mandate). Now more than ever, vehicles like The Wanderer are needed for clarification and guidance on the issues of the day.

Catholic, conservative, orthodox, and loyal to the Magisterium have been this journal’s hallmarks for five generations. God willing, our message will continue well into this century and beyond.

Joseph Matt
President, The Wanderer Printing Co.

Untitled 1

Interview With Cardinal Burke . . . Discriminating Mercy: Defending Christ And His Church With True Love

  By DON FIER (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke, Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and Founder of the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe in La Crosse, Wis., graciously took time out of his busy schedule to grant The Wanderer a wide-ranging interview during a recent visit to the Shrine. Included among the topics…Continue Reading

Developing Lives Of Peace After The Heart Of Mary

By RAYMOND LEO CARDINAL BURKE (Editor’s Note: His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke delivered the address below at the 32nd Annual Church Teaches Forum, “The Message of Fatima: Peace for the World,” Galt House, Louisville, Ky., July 22, 2017. The address is reprinted here with the kind permission of Cardinal Burke. All rights reserved. This is part one of the…Continue Reading


Today . . .

Abp Viganò defends his union with Church: ‘I have no desire to separate myself from Mother Church’

July 6, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) – “I have no desire to separate myself from Mother Church, for the exaltation of which I daily renew the offering of my life,” stated Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò regarding accusations that he was “on the brink of schism” over his comments regarding the Catholic Church in relation to the 1962-65 Vatican II council.  In a new post today that was first published by Sandro Magister in Italian and Marco Tosatti in English (read full…Continue Reading

English Catholic bishop: parishes see ‘dramatic fall’ in income following lockdown

CNA Staff, Jul 6, 2020 / 04:30 am MT (CNA).- An English bishop has said that parishes have seen “dramatic fall” in income as a result of the coronavirus lockdown. Bishop Mark Davies of Shrewsbury urged the government to step in to help dioceses struggling financially as a result of the pandemic.  “The weeks of the national lockdown saw a dramatic fall of about a third in parish income. This is having a serious impact…Continue Reading

President Trump tweets Catholic author’s warning that ‘there is a war against Christianity’

July 3, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) – On July 2, only hours after Dr. Taylor Marshall had given an interview to the U.S. cable network One America News (OAN) about the current crisis in America, President Donald Trump sent out a tweet highlighting the Catholic author’s warning. “Dr. Taylor Marshall, author. ‘There Is A War On Christianity’. @OANN,” Trump tweeted. Marshall had pointed out that the current attacks on sy

Cardinal Zen contradicts Hong Kong cardinal: China’s new national security law will hurt freedom of religion

HONG KONG, June 30, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) ― China has imposed a new security law on Hong Kong that Cardinal Joseph Zen believes will have a deleterious effect on religious freedom. In a Cantonese video produced by the “Catholic Faithful Watching the Hong Kong National Security Law,” Cardinal Zen, 88, said the national security law imposed upon Hong Kong by the mainland government cannot guarantee “true” religious freedom.  In doing so, he directly contradicted Cardinal John…Continue Reading

SF threatens enforcement against Catholic archdiocese for violating health order on gatherings

The San Francisco city attorney’s office told the archdiocese of San Francisco this week to stop holding “multiple indoor large gatherings at its facilities,” in violation of the city’s health order prohibiting such assemblies during the COVID-19 pandemic. After multiple rounds of correspondence between the city and the archdiocese over the gatherings, City Attorney Dennis Herrera sent a cease-and-desist letter on Monday, ordering the archdiocese to discontinue the indoor religious services it has held in…Continue Reading


Liberty Counsel . . . Calls U.S. Supreme Court Louisiana Ruling A Supreme Blunder

WASHINGTON, D.D. — The U.S. Supreme Court released a plurality 4-1-4 opinion siding with the lower District Court that struck down the Louisiana state law known as the “Unsafe Abortion Protection Act,” which requires doctors performing abortions to have admission privileges at a state-authorized hospital within 30 miles of the abortion center. Liberty Counsel reported…Continue Reading

Church Attendance Vs. Protests . . . De Blasio And Cuomo Get Creamed In Court

By BILL DONOHUE Protesters can take to the streets, some violently, and that is okay by Mayor Bill de Blasio and Gov. Andrew Cuomo — the mob does not have to abide by social distancing rules — but religious New Yorkers cannot congregate in their houses of worship lest they imperil the public health.Well, the…Continue Reading

Open To Everything, Dedicated To Nothing

By DONALD DeMARCO “Merely having an open mind is nothing,” wrote G. K. Chesterton. “The object of opening the mind, as of opening the mouth, is to shut it again on something solid.”We have elevated “openness” to the status of a principle and in the process have forgotten what it is that we should select.…Continue Reading

Now It’s Woodrow Wilson’s Turn

By PATRICK J. BUCHANAN Now that statues of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, Grant, and Theodore Roosevelt have been desecrated, vandalized, toppled, and smashed, it appears Woodrow Wilson’s time has come.The Cultural Revolution has come to the Ivy League.Though Wilson attended Princeton as an undergraduate, taught there and served from 1902 to 1910 as president,…Continue Reading

Nevada Church Says Governor Treats Churches Worse Than Casinos

RENO — Alliance Defending Freedom Senior Counsel Ryan Tucker, director of the ADF Center for Christian Ministries, issued a statement explaining ADF’s appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on behalf of Calvary Chapel Dayton Valley.The Nevada church is challenging Gov. Steve Sisolak’s church gathering ban that allows casinos, restaurants, theme…Continue Reading


Our Catholic Faith (Section B of print edition)

Fulfill The Word Of God

By FR. ROBERT ALTIER Fifteenth Sunday In Ordinary Time (YR A) Readings: Isaiah 55:10-11Romans 8:18-23Matt. 13:1-23 In the first reading God tells us through the Prophet Isaiah that His word will not return to Him void; rather, it will do His will, achieving the end for which He sent it. This word can be understood in two ways: Jesus, the…Continue Reading

Bishop Strickland . . . For The New Evangelization . . . We Need Epiphanies Of Beauty

By MOST REV. JOSEPH STRICKLAND Part 1 Pope St. John Paul II On Beauty On Easter Sunday in 1999, Pope St. John Paul II issued a reflective letter addressed specifically to artists. He referred to artists as “Images of the Creator.” He wrote that “to communicate the message entrusted to her by Christ, the Church needs art. Art must make…Continue Reading

Catholic Replies

Editor’s Note: More thoughtful insights from Fr. George Rutler of the Church of St. Michael in New York City: “Robert Gould Shaw was born into an abolitionist Unitarian family in Boston in 1837. . . . During the Civil War, he was eventually promoted to colonel and, following the Emancipation Proclamation, he led New England’s first all-black military unit, the…Continue Reading

A Leaven In The World… Stop Complaining And Start TLM-ing

By Fr. KEVIN M. CUSICK The Church is in a deplorable state, we all agree. At least those with eyes to see. Attendance is plummeting through the floor after the devastation of COVID in what were once the largest parishes.The elderly are being told by their doctors to not return to Mass. In many parishes the retired individuals were keeping…Continue Reading

The Yoke Of Jesus Is Love

By FR. ROBERT ALTIER Fourteenth Sunday In Ordinary Time (YR A) Readings:Zech. 9:9-10Romans 8:9, 11-13Matt. 11:25-30 In the Gospel reading our Lord invites those who labor and are burdened to come to Him for rest.Given this statement, what follows seems to make no sense. Jesus tells us to take His yoke upon us and learn from Him because He is…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… St. Joseph, Patron Of Fathers

By DEB PIROCH This week’s column is a personal labor of love. You see, our family has had a special devotion to St. Joseph (Josef) going back generations. My Father’s grandparents on both sides, maternal and paternal, were immigrants from Slovakia. And because it was quite common to name the eldest boy after St. Joseph, protector of families, most of…Continue Reading

Catholic Heroes… St. Nicholas Owen

By DEB PIROCH First you see him . . . and then you don’t. Dangerous times call for dangerous measures. During the reign of Elizabeth I and James I of England, St. Nicholas Owen was the expert at creating what became known as “priests’ holes,” or secret hiding spots for clergy. Located in the homes of wealthy recusant Catholics, these…Continue Reading